Makalah

Asal Usul PTPTN dan Hutang Pinjaman Pendidikan Tinggi

Dalam keadaan industri pendidikan tinggi yang berorientasi pasaran, pelajar menjadi pelanggan, dan graduan menjadi penghutang. Perkembangan sejarah dan perubahan ideologi harus diberi perhatian untuk membantu kita memahami fenomena hutang pendidikan tinggi. Ia termasuklah memahami rasional penubuhan PTPTN, pengaruh Malaysia Inc, dan ideologi neoliberal untuk menjelaskan fenomena “mass indebtedness” dalam kalangan graduan di Malaysia.

Cinema of Boredom: A Phenomenological Critique on Cultural Industry

By using long take, stillness, dead time, slower pace in narrative, it give times to the audience to contemplate their very existence in front of the screen. This distanciation process made famous by German playwright, Bertolt Bretcht give audience a critical space to critically evaluate the text in the film. By employing all these tactic, there is sense of time being passed in front of the audience and make the reality become more lucid and transparent.